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The Roth Individual Retirement Account

The Roth Individual Retirement Account

A Roth IRA allows you to avoid future taxation of your retirement funds by making nondeductible contributions now. Contributions for the 2013 tax year can be made up to and including the April 2014 tax-filing deadline.This includes contributions made to Discover Roth IRA CDs, which offer guaranteed rates, flexible terms, and FDIC insurance up to the maximum amount allowed by law.

Rules of the Roth IRA

Following is a partial summary of the rules for Roth IRAs:

Contributions to a Roth IRA are nondeductible regardless of your income level or participation in an employer-sponsored retirement plan.

Contributions are limited to $5,500 a year ($10,000 for couples) for the 2014 tax year. Investors aged 50 and older can make an additional $1,000 "catch up" contribution annually.

Income thresholds determine whether you are eligible for a Roth IRA. For 2014, single taxpayers with modified adjusted gross incomes (MAGIs) between $114,000 and $129,000, and married couples filing jointly with MAGIs between $181,000 and $191,000 are eligible for a partial contribution. Taxpayers earning less than these thresholds may make the full contribution. Those earning more are not eligible.

Qualified distributions are tax free. To qualify, you must have maintained the Roth IRA for five years and:

  • Be at least 59 years old
  • Withdraw up to $10,000 (lifetime limit) and use the money for a first-time home purchase,or
  • Become permanently disabled

Conversion of a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA

A tax rule in 2010 eliminated the income restrictions that used to prohibit taxpayers with MAGIs of more than $100,000 from converting a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Now anyone can convert. If you have a Traditional IRA and your contributions were not tax deductible, investment earnings and capital gains will be taxed but contributions will not. The withdrawal from your Traditional IRA will count as income but will not affect your eligibility for the Roth conversion. As a result of these rule changes, retirement savers from all walks of life can take advantage of the potential benefits associated with converting to a Discover Roth IRA CD.

If you have a Traditional IRA that has declined in value you may want to consider whether converting to a Roth IRA is appropriate given your situation. You may be paying taxes on a smaller amount than you would have several years ago.

Because IRA rules are complex, ask your financial advisor about the IRA strategy that's best for you. Even if you decide not to convert assets to a Discover Roth IRA CD, you may determine that it makes sense to contribute to a Discover Traditional IRA CD instead.


In addition to offering IRA CDs to help you grow your retirement savings, Discover also offers an Online Savings Account to help you with your short-term savings goals and a full range of CDs to help you save for the future. Open an account online in minutes or call our 24-hour U.S.-based Customer Service at 800-347-7000.

The article and information provided herein are for informational purposes only and are not intended as a substitute for professional advice.

Please consult your tax advisor with respect to information contained in this article and how it relates to you.

IRS Circular 230 Disclosure: Discover Bank and its affiliates do not provide tax advice. Accordingly, any discussion of U.S. tax matters contained herein (including any attachments) is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, in connection with the promotion, marketing or commendation by anyone unaffiliated with Discover Bank of any of the matters addressed herein or for the purpose of avoiding U.S. tax-related penalties.