How To Pay Off Debt

Americans owe a lot of money. In fact, the average U.S. household owes $16,883 in credit card debt. Here’s another shocking number: In total, American consumers owe $784 billion in credit card debt. 1 If you’re one of these households, chances are you’re looking for ways to get out of debt and stay there. The good news is, there are steps you can follow to pay down debt, which may be eating up your disposable income and keeping you up at night.

Balance Transfer

Pay off debt faster with a balance transfer.

Review Your Monthly Income

Your goal is to pay as much as you can each month. To do that, start by reviewing your income and current spending habits to see how much you can put toward debt repayment. Depending on your debt level, you may need to reduce some expenses. This might include foregoing cable until your debt is down to a comfortable level, or even walking or taking public transportation and relying less on gas to get around in a car.

Identify How You Want to Repay Your Debts

Now that you have an idea of how much you can put toward debt repayment each month, take stock of the individual debts you have. Looking at all your debts, you can build a debt payment plan that will help keep you on track. You may be tempted to put your money toward your largest debt, but it may be a good idea to weigh debt repayment options available to consumers. You can opt to pay down high-interest rate debt first, which many experts feel helps eliminate the most costly debt first. This could lift a huge weight off of your shoulders. Another popular method for paying down debts is the “snowball method”, which refers to starting with the smallest debt first and paying that off. Then, you’d move on to the next smallest debt, and so on. The advantage to doing it this way is that consumers could feel they’re making more progress on settling their debts. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide which method works best for your financial situation and strategize accordingly. 2

Consider A Balance Transfer If It Is Available

Wouldn’t it be nice if you could slash your interest rate in half, or even wipe it out altogether? That might be possible with a balance transfer. It works like this: By accepting a balance transfer, you can bring your existing balance, or several balances from different cards, to a new card with a low introductory interest rate offered over a certain period of time. Expect zero to three percent introductory interest rates that usually last six to 18 months, depending on the card. After the introductory APR expires, the standard APR will apply to the remaining balance. A few things to watch out for: Balance-transfer fees (typically three to five percent of your balance), and your credit score, since banks are wary of lending to those with poor credit. 3

Balance Transfer

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Pay Off Debt Faster with a Balance Transfer.

Negotiate for a Lower Rate Payment Plan

If you review your income and feel it will simply take too long to pay off your debts, or a balance transfer isn’t an option, you might consider contacting your lenders to see if they will work with you on a plan to renegotiate your debt. It’s not an easy process, and there are three things to be aware of.

First, know which of five plans you’re after. These include lump-sum settlement, workout arrangement, forbearance, debt management plan, and debt settlement. (Click here for more detailed information on these plans.) Then, go back over your income and review your fixed expenses like rent, and figure out how much you can pay. You’ll want to look ahead to see what out-of-the-ordinary expenses you can expect, and make accommodations for them. Finally, know who to ask for when you start contacting your lender. Often this is the credit manager, not the customer service representative. Once you’ve made contact, get the person’s name, ID number and direct-dial telephone number. 4 You should also consider the impact a settlement may have on your credit score.

Create A Visual Reminder of Debt Payment Progress

Whether it’s a Post-It on your wallet to remind you not to over-spend, or notes in your calendar ticking off the days until you are debt-free, a visual cue to keep you focused will help you meet your goal. 5

Legal Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes and is not a substitute for professional advice. The material on this site is not intended to provide legal, investment, or financial advice and does not indicate the availability of any Discover product or service. It does not guarantee that Discover offers or endorses a product or service. For specific advice about your unique circumstances, you may wish to consult a qualified professional.

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