The Credit Card Journey: From Applying to Buying
- How do I choose a credit card/ Types of Applications
- Apply For Your Card
- Get Your Card
- Use Your Card
Getting your first credit card is a big step, so it’s important to start your credit card journey on the right foot. Credit cards offer the opportunity to build credit history and you may earn rewards such as cash back or airline miles. Here are some tips to help make your first experience a positive one, from good types of credit cards to apply for to using your card wisely.
How do I choose a credit card?
In order to choose a credit card, it helps to know the different types of applications, rewards offerings and fees associated with the card. You should also learn about the tools that can help you manage your account.
Credit card fees vary, so it’s important to evaluate how you’ll use your card and the fees that could be associated with it. For example, if you plan to travel internationally a lot, you’ll want a credit card that doesn’t charge a foreign transaction fee. These fees should all be clearly documented by the card issuer and reviewed by you before applying for your card. There are plenty of credit cards without annual fees or other types of fees.
Different credit card issuers provide different tools to help you manage your credit card account. Tools will vary by issuer and should be considered before applying to ensure that you have the tools you need to manage your spending and make your payments on time.
Types of Applications
An unsecured credit card means that if you are approved for the card, you are not required to provide a security deposit. You are more likely to be approved for an unsecured card if you have sufficient credit and meet the income requirements (income requirements vary by credit card issuers). However, if you are new to credit, you may not qualify for this type of card just yet. Some credit card issuers offer student credit cards specifically designed for college students who have limited credit history and that have lower income requirements.
When an unsecured credit card is not an option available to you, a secured credit card may be a great solution to building a credit history you need to ultimately transition to an unsecured credit card. After you are approved, a secured credit card requires that you put down a deposit which typically determines your credit limit (for example, a $200 deposit gets you a $200 credit limit). After that, the secured credit card works just like an unsecured credit card and allows you to build credit with responsible use.*
Types of Rewards
Some credit cards reward you by giving cash back incentives for everyday purchases.
With some credit cards, you can earn frequent flyer miles or rewards points when you travel or when you spend on purchases.
Some credit cards offer reward points that can then be redeemed for a variety of items, including merchandise, gift cards or cash back.
Some credit cards don’t offer any rewards or incentive programs at all.
Types of Fees
If an annual fee is a term of your card, you will be charged that fee each year for using the card. If your card comes with an annual fee, make sure to read your cardmember agreement and see if your fee gets waived if you’ve been inactive on the card, or if you are still on the hook for paying it. Small costs like this can add up.
Foreign Transaction Fees
Foreign transaction fees are fees that may be charged on purchases made in a foreign currency, or on purchases that involve a foreign bank. Some credit cards do not charge a foreign transaction fee for international use.
Balance Transfer Fees
Balance transfer fees are fees that may be charged when you transfer a balance from one account to another.
Late Payment Fees
Late payment fees may be charged when you miss paying at least the minimum payment by the payment deadline.
Insufficient Funds Fees
Insufficient funds fees can be charged by either or both of your credit card company and your financial institution.
Cash Advance Fees
A flat fee or percentage may be added any time you withdraw cash using your credit card. While a cash advance fee is typically a percentage of the amount withdrawn – the Annual Percentage Rate for cash advances is usually higher than the standard purchase APR.
Types of Tools
Automatic Bill Payment
A convenient feature you can opt into that automatically pays your credit card bill, ensuring you never miss a payment.
Receive mobile and e-mail alerts that help remind you when payments are due.
Some issuers provide free credit scores on your statements or online. These are based on information from your credit report, and knowing your score can help you can stay on top of your credit and avoid surprises.
Spend Management Tools
Spend management tools help you monitor your spending and make paying off your balance more manageable.
It’s important to start your credit card journey on the right foot.
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What do I need to apply?
After you’ve weighed your options and decided which card best fits your needs, you can start an application. Follow these steps to make the application process easier.
Step 1: Gather the information needed to apply, such as your:
- Social security number
- Current address
- Current employer
- Total annual gross income – the amount of money you earn in a year before taxes
- Length of employment at current job
- Information on any of your bank accounts (checking and savings)
- If you are applying for a student credit card you may need information such as: school name, graduation date, and area of study for school verification
Step 2: Decide how you want to apply. Regulations require that if you are under 21, you must apply in writing (online or paper application), so you cannot apply over the phone.
What do I do when I get my credit card?
The credit card company will review your application and if you are approved, they will issue your credit card to you through the mail. When you receive your card, here’s what you should do.
Step 1: Activate the card. Instructions for activation will be included with your card.
Step 2: Ensure your account information is accurate, including your full name, address and contact information, and review your assigned credit line to know how much you have available to you.
Step 3: Read your Card Agreement and other Terms and Conditions. The Card Agreement explains how your account balance is calculated and what your annual percentage rate, or APR is, so it is important for you to read this information before you start using the card.
Step 4: Sign the back of the card.
Step 5: Sign up for online account management, become familiar with the online tools offered and set your preferences for bill payment reminders, spending alerts and automatic payments.
Step 6: You are ready to use your card at the store. If asked at the counter if your card is debit or credit, select “credit.”
How should I use my card?
Here are some best practices to follow when using your card:
- Keep your card in a safe place.
- Determine when you’d like to use your credit card, such as for gas, groceries, or strictly for special purchases like a vacation.
- Make sure you can afford each purchase before you buy. Credit cards are not a way to live beyond your means.
- Pay off as much of your balance as you can by the payment due date. If you can, try to pay your statement balance in full by the payment due date.
- Always stay well within your credit limit, and don’t spend all the available credit on your credit card.
- Try to avoid cash advances. Cash advances are when you use your credit card like a debit card and withdraw money from your account. Usually, there are fees associated with cash advances, and interest will start to accrue immediately at the cash advance APR.
*Discover reports your credit history to the three major credit bureaus so it can help build your credit if used responsibly. Late payments, delinquencies or other derogatory activity with your credit card accounts and loans may adversely impact your ability to build credit